U.S. Adds Afghanistan To List Of Worst Human Traffickers Over Child Sexual Slavery, Child Soldiers

The U.S. State Department has added Afghanistan to a list of nations doing little to stop human trafficking, saying Kabul has failed to properly address child sexual slavery and the recruitment of child soldiers.

In its annual Trafficking In Persons Report released on June 25, the department included Afghanistan in the so-called Tier 3 list of countries that do not meet minimum standards to stop trafficking and are “not making significant efforts” to do so.

During the reporting period, there was “a government policy or pattern of sexual slavery in government compounds (bacha bazi) and recruitment and use of child soldiers,” it said.

The ancient practice of “bacha bazi” — literally, dancing boys — is common practice in Afghanistan among wealthy and powerful men who exploit underage boys as sexual partners.

“Despite local officials’ widespread acknowledgment that many police, especially commanders at remote checkpoints, recruited boys for bacha Bazi, some high-level and provincial authorities, including at the Ministry of Interior, categorically denied the existence of bacha Bazi among police and would not investigate reports,” according to the State Department.

As a result, “the government has never prosecuted a police officer for bacha bazi.”

Some Steps Taken

Despite the lack of significant efforts, the Afghan government “took some steps to address trafficking, including continuing to identify trafficking victims, prosecuting and convicting some traffickers, including two perpetrators of bacha Bazi for kidnapping, and conducting four pieces of training for provincial antitrafficking officers,” the report said.

The government has also increased the number of Child Protection Units at Afghan National Police recruitment centers, which the report said prevented the recruitment of 357 child soldiers.

However, the Interior and Defense Ministries, as well as the National Directorate of Security “denied that Afghan security forces recruited or used child soldiers, despite multiple cases,” it says.

Meanwhile, some trafficking victims reported that”authorities forced them to have sex in exchange for pursuing their cases or raped them and sent them to detention centers when they tried to report their traffickers,” the State Department says.

And many trafficking victims were arrested, detained, and penalized. Some of them were even punished for “moral crimes.”

Eighteen other countries are included in the report’s Tier 3 list, including Belarus, Iran, Russia, and Turkmenistan.

Inclusion in the lowest category can bring restrictions on U.S. non-humanitarian, non-trade-related assistance, a decision that would be made by the president

For full list kindly check the below link:

https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/2020-TIP-Report-Complete-062420-FINAL.pdf

Coordination Meeting Between ANCTIP & MoWA

Afghanistan Network for Combating Trafficking in Persons (ANCTIP) members had a coordination meeting with the Ministry of Women Affairs (MoWA) representatives on 19 May 2019 at ANCTIP Secretariat “OFRD” conference hall.

Mr. Ahmad Shabir Safi presented the ANCTIP presentation and action plan with major parts and milestones and ensured all the stakeholders are aligned on the sequence of activities and any dependencies that may impact the timeline are clearly stated.

in addition both teams discussed new coordination approaches they might want to try in order to better coordinate with the Ministry of Women Affairs (MoWA) in Kabul and provinces .

Coordination Meeting With DMoYA

ANCTIP secretariat was successful to conduct a meeting in between Afghanistan Network for Combating Trafficking in Persons (ANCTIP) members and deputy ministry of Youth Affairs (DMoYA) with the participation of Deputy minister of youth affairs Dr. Kamaal Sadaat, Youth association heads and Civil society organizations.

The coordination meeting was held on Monday 13 May 2019 at the conference hall of Deputy Ministry of Youth Affairs (DMoYA) from 9:30 am until 12:00 pm the main them of this meeting was to develop a coordination mechanism between both and in order sector departments in term of CTIP and CTIP Law Implementation, reform and the rule of law.

The meeting was comprised of updates and presentation by OFRD program manager on the status of the network activites and plans,  there was a brief speech by the deputy minster of youth affairs and Feda Mohammad Fayez which included information about the activities and resources. which “DMoYA” have in hand and share resources in kabul and provinces.

there were group work session and together ANCTIP team with other participants got together and discussed the challenges, successes and the way forward.

2ND ADVOCACY TRAINING ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING LAW FOR ANCTIP MEMBERS

ANCTIP Secretariate “OFRD” conducted the second round of Advocacy Training – CTIP to the 14 members of ANCTIP from 24 to 27 April 2019. Major components of TIP Law, policy, forms and level of advocacy, models of advocacy, advocacy strategy, steps for strategy formulation, and preparing the advocacy action plan were the main topics for Advocacy Training. The Advocacy Training was very useful for the capacity building of ANCTIP members for practical advocacy.

A

Advocacy Training on Human Trafficking Law

ANCTIP Secretariat, Organization of Fast Relief & Development (OFRD) has conducted three days advocacy training for the members of the ANCTIP network from April 20 to 22 2019 at the organization of Fast Relief & Development conference hall.

Fifteen ANCTIP members participated in the training, in this training helped to increase the capacity of ANCTIP members on how to advocate for TIP issues in Afghanistan and watchdog.

Coordination Meeting Between ANCTIP & and TIP High Commission

A practical advocacy started by the ACNTIP on 31 March 2019. ANCTIP made recommendation to the afghanistan TIP High Commission which must be considered for an upcoming MoU between afghanistan and Uzberkistan.

ANCTIP recommended, e.g both countries law must be reviewed, Afghan CSOs must be part of MoU role of media should considered, capacity building of Afghanistan TIP High Commission exchange programs between both countries on TIP annual research, cross border referral mechanisms, annual reports to the public on TIP and budget should be allocated to implements the MoU.

This was a first direct meeting between ANCTIP and technical committee of Afghanistan TIP High Commission and we will have a series of more meetings for more and better advocacy on TIP.